Summary

Potentially emergent vector-borne diseases in the Mediterranean and their possible relationship with climate change

Arcos González P, Escolano Escobar C

Affiliation of the authors

http://www.semes.org/revista/vol23_5/9_ing.pdf

DOI

Quote

Arcos González P, Escolano Escobar C. Potentially emergent vector-borne diseases in the Mediterranean and their possible relationship with climate change. Emergencias. 2011;23:386-93

Summary

Climate change affects the frequency and distribution of diseases transmitted by vectors.

Our aims were to review the literature on the effects of climate change and vector-borne

diseases in Europe, particularly in the Mediterranean area, and to consider the

mechanisms implicated in changes. The literature published by September 2010 on

changes in vector-borne diseases in Europe was reviewed. We emphasized diseases that

might potentially be affected by climate change, such as malaria, dengue fever,

chikungunya fever, Rift Valley fever, West Nile fever, leishmaniasis, hantavirus infection,

Mediterranean spotted fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, and Lyme disease.

There is evidence of an increase in locally acquired cases as well as in outbreaks. The

frequency of vector-borne diseases is increasing in the Mediterranean region, possibly

associated with changes in temperature and relative humidity. The effect is difficult to

perceive or attribute to climate change, however, because frequency also depends on

factors such as human behavior, economic growth, the adaptability of the planet, and

the prospects of stopping change.

 

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