Urban search and rescue operations (USAR) in collapsed buildings after the 2023 earthquake in Türkiye
Affiliation of the authors
Pardo Ríos M, Morales Sánchez C, Parra Beneitez Y, López Guardiola P, Lanchares Ortiz A, Pedreño Rosique A, et al. Urban search and rescue operations (USAR) in collapsed buildings after the 2023 earthquake in Türkiye. Emergencias. 2023;35:288-96
The earthquakes that occurred in February 2023 in Türkiye had some of the worst consequences of recent years. The Turkish authorities first deployed local resources and then appealed for international help. The International Search and Rescue Group of the United Nations aims to establish minimum international standards for search and rescue teams and a methodology for coordinating responses to earthquakes, tsunamis, and other natural disasters. A main concern of the group is to coordinate operations on the ground. This article offers perspectives on the epidemiology of earthquakes, the management of emergency response teams and Türkiye’s disaster management agency (AFAD); it also explains how rescues are carried out in collapsed buildings. The experience of Firefighters Without Borders after the recent earthquakes and a rescue that took 14 hours are also described.