Monoarthritis in the emergency department

Revuelta Evrard E

Affiliation of the authors

Servicio de Reumatología. Hospital General. Ciudad Real, Spain.



Revuelta Evrard E. Monoarthritis in the emergency department. Emergencias. 2011;23:218-25


Monoarthritis, defined as the inflammation of a joint, may be either acute or chronic

and arise from a variety of causes. Septic arthritis is responsible for the highest rates of

morbidity and mortality. The most common cause is the presence of microcrystals. A

clinical history and careful physical examination are of great help in establishing the

cause. Bilateral radiographs of the joints are essential. Unless contraindicated, arthrocentesis

should be undertaken to establish the etiologic diagnosis.


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